Bring 6 quarts of water to a boil and add 2 tablespoons salt.
In a 12 to 14-inch saute pan, heat oil until smoking. Add the onions and garlic and cook until light golden brown and wilted, 3 to 4 minutes. Add the mushrooms and saute over high heat 5 minutes, until golden brown. Season with chile flakes and salt and pepper, to taste.
Drop the tagliatelle into the boiling water and cook 1 minute. Drain the pasta, reserving the cooking liquid, and add to the pan with the mushrooms. Toss over high heat 1 minute to coat the pasta, adding a splash of the cooking water if necessary to keep the sauce from being too "tight". Add prosciutto and toss to mix. Serve immediately in 4 warmed pasta bowls, topped with Parmigiano-Reggiano.
In a large, heavy-bottomed skillet, heat the olive oil over high heat until it is almost smoking. Carefully place the nests in the hot oil and cook until they are golden brown and the edge is crispy. Remove from the oil, season with salt and pepper and drain on a plate lined with paper towels. Sprinkle with sugar if desired and serve immediately.
Yield: 4 servings