1 pound 2 ounces light Italian or all-purpose flour
1 rounded teaspoon bicarbonate of soda (baking soda)
2 rounded teaspoon cream of tartar
1 teaspoon sea salt
1 stick plus 1 tablespoon unsalted cold butter, cubed*
1 ounce caster sugar (superfine)
1 egg, beaten
9 ounces buttermilk or milk, plus extra for the egg wash
2 ounces caster sugar (superfine), optional
*if you are using salted butter, decrease the salt to 1/2 teaspoon Variations: Cinnamon: Add 2 teaspoons of ground cinnamon to the flour. Orange: Add the finely grated zest of 1 orange to the flour. Chocolate chip: Add 3 1/2ounces of dark or milk chocolate chips (or chopped chocolate) to the dry ingredients before you add the liquid. Sultana or raisin: Add 3 1/2-ounces of sultanas or raisins to the dry ingredients before you add the liquid. I also sometimes add 3 1/2-ounces dried cranberries or dried blueberries instead of the sultanas.
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