I first had gnocchi in an Italian restaurant near my house and I immediately had to find out all about it-where it was from, how it was made and its variations. They told me they used mashed potatoes to make the teeny pillows of heaven. I really wanted a quicker method, so I threw tradition to the wind and made up my own version with mascarpone, drawing on British dumplings for inspiration. They are great to make in bulk and freeze raw.
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For the gnocchi: finely grate the Parmesan and put it into a medium bowl. Pick the thyme leaves and add them along with the mascarpone, flour, eggs and salt and pepper. Mix together to make a soft dough. Then transfer the dough to a lightly-floured surface and knead to form a smooth ball.
Divide the mixture into 3 pieces and roll each one out into a sausage about 23 1/2 inches long. Cut each into 3/4-inch pieces to yield about 30 pieces (90 in total). Halfway through, put 2 large frying pans on over medium-high heat with a drizzle of oil and knob of the butter.
Divide the gnocchi between the 2 pans and turn down low. Leave the gnocchi to cook on one side for a minute, before carefully turning them over with a fish turner. Cook, continuing to gently turn them every so often, until they are crisp and golden all over and warmed through, 4 minutes more. If all the gnocchi didn't fit in your pans, then transfer the cooked ones into a bowl, cover with foil to keep warm and cook the remainder, adding more oil and butter as necessary.
For serving: Once all the gnocchi are cooked, stir the pesto through until evenly coated. Toss in the arugula and mix together. Then, divide among four serving plates and scatter the pine nuts over. Squeeze the lemon over the top. Give a good grind of black pepper and serve.